Chromium oxide/metallocene binary catalysts for bimodal polyethylene: hydrogen effects.
Bimodal resins came up to meet application requirements: low molecular weight for good processability and high molecular weight for mechanical properties. For obtaining this bimodality there are several strategies: physical melt mixing of the two components produced separately, a single catalyst in two different serial reactors and a single reactor technology employing a tailor made catalyst and/or switching conditions. This last method has many advantages such as lower investment costs, less process complexity and intimate mixing of high and low molecular weight components (improved product quality). By means of this single reactor technology, bimodal polyethylene was synthesized using a mesostructured catalyst based on Al-SBA-15 where two active centers, chromium and metallocene, were incorporated. Ethylene polymerizations were carried out over binary catalysts (hybrid and mixed Crmetallocene) and the polyethylenes obtained were compared with those obtained with individual catalysts in order to determine the contribution of each active centre. As well, the effect on polymer properties of the partial pressure of hydrogen in the reactor was evaluated. Results indicate that the hybrid catalyst (metallocene supported over Cr-Al- SBA-15) and physical mixture (Cr-Al-SBA-15 mixed with met-Al-SBA-15) lead to bimodal polyethylenes which combine high molecular weight, crystallinity and melting point with good processability (high melt index).
Línea Investigación: Línea 2. Procesos de polimerización de olefinas y caracterización de polímeros
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